|Hygienists and therapists
Your hygienist/therapist has been specially trained to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth. This is achieved with the use of instruments called scalers, after which teeth are polished to a very smooth and shiny finish. You may sometimes require special drugs and mouthwashes to help to reduce infection and these will be prescribed where required. We offer a complimentary air flow treatment which ?
Silver Amalgam Fillings
This is a good long term filling material which will give many years of satisfactory service. The main disadvantage is the silvery grey appearance which darkens with age.
Made from composite resin, the benefit of white fillings over amalgam is that they can be matched to the tooth colour and bonded to the tooth structure, making the tooth almost as strong as it was before the decay.
Root Canal Treatments
Root canal treatment is needed when the blood or nerve supply to the tooth (known as the pulp) is infected through decay or injury, which may spread and eventually lead to an abscess. The aim of this treatment is to remove all infection, after which the root is cleaned and filled to prevent further infection. Root canal treatment is a skilled and time-consuming procedure. Most courses of treatment will involve two or more visits to your dentist.
Tooth whitening can be a highly effective, yet very simple way, of lightening the colour of teeth without removing any of the tooth surface. Your dentist will take impressions for a mouthguard and you will continue the treatment at home in your own time and convenience without having to repeatedly attend the surgery.
If a stain is very deep within the tooth then porcelain veneers can be considered. Veneers are thin coverings of porcelain which are bonded to the tooth with a special resin. They behave much like a false fingernail which covers the front surface of the tooth. Because they have a glazed surface they feel very smooth and also tend to resist staining. Veneers are often chosen by celebrities to perfect their smile.
To replace lost front teeth we can offer all ceramic bridges for an optimal aesthetic result. If a tooth has been lost, crowns can be prepared on either side of the gap and a bridge manufactured by the laboratory. The bridge consists of two crowns with the replacement tooth attached to them and suspended in the gap. This is cemented into the mouth eliminating the need for a denture.
When a tooth is very broken down it is necessary to provide a crown. This involves trimming the tooth down to a cylindrical shape, taking an impression, and asking a laboratory to manufacture a crown, which is subsequently cemented in place with a special adhesive. You could choose to have a gold crown, which is particularly suitable for back teeth which do not show, as gold is hard wearing and very kind to the mouth.
Well-made dentures will make you look good, allow you to eat almost all foods without embarrassment, and will restore the facial contour around the mouth. Dentures last for many years, but they and the mouth should be checked once a year. Dentures will need to be replaced after about five years.
Teeth sometimes need to be extracted, although this is quite rare these days. Some of the main reasons teeth may need to be extracted are:
To relieve over-crowding
If a tooth is broken and cannot be repaired
If a tooth is so badly decayed it cannot be repaired
If a tooth has an abscess and the patient for whatever reason does not wish to save it
If a tooth has severe gum disease and is very loose
Extractions are normally carried out under local anaesthetic and are usually quick and painless. Occasionally they are more difficult and a small surgical procedure is required to remove the tooth.
Night Bite Guides
A great many people grind their teeth in their sleep. This is often worse when someone feels tense or stressed. Often tooth-grinding causes no particular problems for the patient, however, it can contribute to aching jaw joints and headaches. If severe it can also cause teeth to become very worn down and even to break. A night bite guard is an appliance that is worn at night and just props the teeth open slightly. This has two main benefits - firstly it prevents the patient from grinding their teeth and can help alleviate symptoms, and secondly it can help to break or reduce the grinding habit.
Mouthguards should be worn when taking part in most sports, but especially perhaps rugby, hockey and horse riding, as the best insurance against accidentally broken teeth. They are custom made for each individual, and fitted by the dentist. Bring your mouthguard to each examination so that its effectiveness can be checked.
There are several excellent specialists in the area to whom we refer problem cases for root canal, gum disease and implant work. Orthodontics and oral surgery are also areas that sometimes need referral.